Carl Gustav is the common name for the 84mm recoilless
rifle anti-tank weapon from Bofors Anti Armour AB in Sweden. The
Carl Gustav was first introduced in 1946, and while similar weapons
of the era have generally disappeared, the Carl Gustav remains in
widespread use today, and is even being introduced into new roles.
British troops refer to it as the Charlie G. Canadian troops often
refer to it as the 84 or Carl G. US troops often refer to it as the
RAAWS or Ranger Anti-Armor Weapon System, the Gustav or simply the
goose. In Australia it is irreverently known as Charlie Gutsache
(guts ache, slang for stomach pain). In its country of origin it is
officially named Grg m/48 (Granatgevär, meaning grenade rifle, model
48) and sometimes nicknamed Stuprör (drainpipe) due to the fact that
the weapon mainly consists of a long tube.
The use of the recoilless firing system allowed the Carl Gustav to
contain considerably more propellant, firing its rounds at 290 m/s,
as opposed to about 105 m/s for the Panzerschreck or Bazooka and
about 135 m/s for the PIAT. The result was superior accuracy at
longer ranges. The Carl Gustav could attack larger stationary
targets at up to 700 metres, but the relatively slow speed of the
projectile confined attacks on moving targets to a range of 400
metres or less.
In 1964 an improved version, known as the M2, was introduced
and quickly replaced the original version. A newer M3 version
was introduced in 1991, which used a thin steel liner containing the
rifling, strengthened by a carbon fibre outer sleeve. External parts
were replaced with aluminium alloys or plastics. This reduced the
empty weapon weight considerably, from the 14.2kg M2 to the
Weight 8.5 kg, 0.8 kg Mount
Length 1.1 Meters
Crew 1 Minimum, 2 Optimal
Caliber 84 mm
Rate of fire 6 Rounds/Minute
Muzzle velocity 230-255 m/s
Feed system Hinged Breech
Sights Telescoped optical 3x; Laser range finder; image
Specifications: Wikipedia, the free encycelopedia.
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