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7.62 SKS Carbine (Simonov)

7.62mm SKS Carbine

Enemy Soldier holding an SKS carbine
Enemy Soldier holding an SKS carbine

The SKS has a conventional carbine layout, with a wooden stock and no pistol grip. Most versions are fitted with an integral folding bayonet which hinges down from the end of the barrel, and some versions, such as the Yugoslavian-made M59/66 variant are equipped with a grenade launching attachment. As with the American M1 Carbine, the SKS is shorter and less powerful than the semi-automatic rifles which preceded it - most notably, the Soviet SVT series and the American M1 Garand. Contrary to popular belief it is not a modern assault rifle. This is because it does not meet all of the criteria of a true assault rifle (though there are some variants that fall closer to the definition). It does not possess the capability for selective fire, and the basic design does not possess a removable magazine. Some selective-fire variants were produced in the PRC; however, the basic design of the SKS is semi-automatic in nature. The carbine's ten-round box magazine is fed from a stripper clip (see below), and rounds stored in the magazine can be removed by depressing a magazine catch (thus opening the "floor" of the magazine and allowing the rounds to fall out) located forward of the trigger guard.

Type: Carbine
Place of origin: Soviet Union
Type: Carbine
Weight: 3.85 kg (8 lb 8 oz)
Length: 1,021 mm (40.2 in)
Barrel length: 521 mm (20.5 in)
Cartridge: 7.62 x 39mm
Action: Short stroke gas piston, tilting bolt, self-loading
Rate of fire: Semi-automatic
Muzzle velocity: 735 m/s (2,410 ft/s)
Effective range: 400 m (433 yd)
Feed system: 10 round internal box magazine, 10-round stripper clip-fed or individual round loading
Sights: Hooded post front sight, tangent notch rear sight to 1,000 meters

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